An all-time favorite: 9/11 – “Seven Acts for the Quisling”
This is probably the most thorough and incredible investigation of an unsolved murder you’ll ever read. The Murder of Jon Benet Ramsey … California’s alright … somebody check my brain
This work is dedicated to my beloved father, [redacted], my beloved mother, Sabrina “Sadie” Komrik, my beloved daughter born when I was fourteen, Maya Komrik, and my beloved son, Darius Komrik, Ruler of my world, born when I was twenty-two. For all the adherents thus bound in misery I leave you the charge of Seneca: An age will come after many years when the ocean will loose the chain of things and a huge land lie revealed; when Tiphys will disclose new worlds and Thule no more be the ultimate.
There in a dimly lit space another quartermaster studies the charts once again, and it is I. May the Glory abide the Author of all Things.
The art of “decompression seeding” is a disinformation technique used to undermine one’s core belief system. If you can convince someone that a major deception is afoot in some area totally independent (but related in a subtle way) of their religious beliefs, you can begin to cause their own core beliefs to begin to contradict each other.
The result is that the person is forced to modify those core beliefs. The deconverter uses this “crisis” to introduce a solution which requires dismissal of the supernatural and superstitious.
So, decompression seeding usually starts by building paranoia with “conspiracy” theories, but presenting them as credible alternatives. Depending on the individual, the degree to which it exemplifes “conspiracy” will vary.
One “conspiracy theory” I’ve used is the BP oil disaster. Soon I will post an example of how I used it to deconvert.
The Petroleum Dilemma
Back in the day calling petroleum a hydrocarbon “created by organic remains” seemed plausible and was probably a genuinely held belief by most experts. Hydrocarbons back then seemed to all have some basis in organic origins. Of course, today, petroleum geologists pulling crude from 30,000 feet below the ocean floor, which is, oh, about 10,000 feet below the limit of biologic activity, and astrophysicists reading the massive methane concentrations on Titan have all realized this is clearly unsustainable in light of modern evidence. The state of the art tells us that petroleum may not be created by organic processes, but we have insufficient understanding of it to say much more other than to note that it’s origin appears to be from depths in the Earth greater than 30,000 feet. We’ll try to explain by starting with the well-known “BP oil disaster of 2010”.
As we’ve all heard, a failure, or string of failures, on an oil rig resulted in a gush of methane like you wouldn’t believe, then a fourth of July demonstration like they once had at Bikini Atoll and a resulting oil spill that broke all previous records “kicking what is believed to be 2.6 million barrels of crude into the Gulf per day; all about forty or so miles off the coast of Louisiana. Wow. That’s what we said. So, we had a look.
First, for some background, we have to explain for the uninitiated what was going on here. The deepest borehole ever made was in Russia which reached a depth of about 40,000 feet. It was so deep that the heat from earthen compression made it too hot to drill any further; so hot in fact that the solid rock walls of the borehole would tend to melt inward as the equipment was pulled out. This was really deep. Now, oil reserves around the globe are apparently depleting and companies are having to go deeper and deeper to get to the black gold. The Deepwater Horizon was breaking records when it drilled an oil well from 5,000 feet above the sea floor into the seabed down to a depth of about 30,000 feet below the seabed. This is the deepest oil well ever drilled (some folks with a lackluster command of English will claim otherwise, but they don’t know the definition of “depth”, apparently. There are oil wells that are longer, but not deeper). So, as you can see, they were closing in on world record depths. This was far, far deeper than most wells. They were at the periphery of modern drilling technology. And this wasn’t just a land-based, scientific borehole as was drilled in Russia. This was an oil well which added all the more complexity to the operation. The standard way oil wells are drilled from sea using the most advanced equipment available is that a large, floating platform is positioned over the spot where the hole is to be drilled. Large screws (propellers) that can be rotated and pointed are located all over this 600 million dollar marvel of modern technology, which allow the platform to position itself in a relative state of repose relative to the target spot on the ocean floor. Drill pipe is lowered down into the water with sections screwed on and welded to the upper end of each pipe to serve as an “extender”. Once at the sea floor, the drill begins to rotate and cut a hole deep into the earth. In this case, they drilled nearly 30,000 feet. Of course, if you anticipate hitting a fluid which usually comes upward with a mighty force of about 1500 pounds per square inch, you have to do something to hold that pressure down so that once the drill bit clears the earth and enters the cavern containing the oil, the oil doesn’t fly up uncontrollably. And besides, the pressure from the walls of the hole will tend to cause it to collapse inward; not necessarily by melting rock but simply due to the compression pressure pushing the sides inward in a kind of collapse like you can have in an unsupported tunnel. So, the trick they use is to place steel cylinders of slightly less than the diameter of the borehole. Each of these cylinders has a “collar” placed around it that helps keep the cylinder trued and centered in the borehole (to keep the cylinder off the walls of the hole being drilled). Next, some kind of “mud”, slurry or very dense liquid is poured in behind the drill bit to both lubricate and cool the bit. But it also serves as a pressure regulator: By pouring a very dense, heavy liquid in behind the bit the liquid serves as a pressure equalizer to hold back the earthen compression forces pressing inward and also serve to hold down any oil that suddenly presents under the bit as they drill.Â When the liquid flows down to the bit, the equipment is designed so that the liquid can pass under the very lowest point of the steel cylinder tubing and flow back up through the relatively narrow space intentionally left between the earthen wall of the borehole and the cylinder sections running the length of the hole. By inserting the collars with the cylinders, the fluid can then flow back up the hole and gravity can now be used to your advantage: This dense liquid will continue to rise upward along the outside of the hole as you pour down the middle of the hole until such point that the two levels equal at a common depth. Once your liquid levels reach the surface you pour only as fast as the drill makes room for more liquid as it cuts ever deeper. I’m simplifying things here, but you get the point. The fluid is actually being actively circulated to cool the bit, but this is basically what is happening. At some point, this “dense liquid”, whatever it is, will need to be replaced with concrete once the drilling has been completed. This is because the oil will come to the surface under pressure and a simple steel cylinder, it has been learned from years of experience, is not adequate to fully seal the oil from the earthen walls of the oil well. This is primarily due to the fact that the open interior walls of the oil well will allow seepage of liquids from different strata to co-mix, and for hydrocarbons to infiltrate the earth at varying levels, unless sealed hermetically. So, you need to ensure a full seal to prevent environmental seepage of oil as it passes upward to the rig. Nonetheless, the pressures involved, and the materials needed to counteract them, are well-understood and there is a vast store of industry knowledge and best practice in this area. There should have been no surprises here. Once you have completed the drilling phase, a plug is inserted in the hole behind the “mud” and concrete poured onto of that plug. This keeps the two liquids separate.
In the BP oil disaster, Halliburton was the one called in to do this liquid magic. It is important to note that this liquid filling process is considered the first of three crucial safety features that are well understood, used throughout the industry and considered relatively fail-safe since all one has to do is pour enough in to overcome any collapsing or upward pressures that these contractors know from experience to expect.Â Finally, you just substitute concrete for whatever liquid you started with (by pressure displacement via the plug) and sit there and let it dry. What we know is that Halliburton was in the waiting process, waiting for the concrete to cure. They were preparing for the final operations required to make the well operational.
Oil (and natural gas) exists in reservoirs beneath the Earth’s surface not in pure pools as many might imagine, but as a liquid “contaiminate” that infiltrates the softer spaces between rock crystals. Therefore, the kind of rock in which this occurs is, in one case, a rock associated with biogenic decay wherein the rock is fairly porous and soft. The other well-known type of rock in which reservoirs are found is in more densely packed rock (where the crystals are closer together) in crevices and crannies within the rock. In these cases the rock itself isn’t “infiltrated”, but simply contains cavities holding hydrocarbons. This resembles the notion of a reservoir a little better, but even in this case the crevices are numerous and relatively small, dispersed throughout the rock and interconnected through fault lines in the rock. Therefore, the final operation involves preparing the bottom end of the well for withdrawing this oil from the rock. As you might imagine, the deeper you drill into this strata of rock the weaker the rock becomes because a greater and greater percentage of it becomes oil (typically around 35% of the rock, by mass, is hydrocarbon). Thus, the walls of the oil well have to not only be reinforced from the immense compression from above acting to close the well hole, but the oil has to be pulled from the rock without also pulling out â€¦ well, rock. There are several ways of doing this (screen inserts that “filter” out the larger stone crystals, shaped charge inserts that perforate the walls of the well to provide room for the oil to “seep” into the well hole, etc.) but in all cases a “cap” is placed around the depth at which this last rock strata to be reached meets the strata above it. That region contains rock relatively free of hydrocarbons. So, a cylinder is inserted which has hydraulically actuated rings that push outward against the oil well hole to form a seal. The screens, explosives or whatever you are using to tap the oil are put in before that. This cylinder has a flow line through its center to allow the oil to pass, thus separating the porous or crevice riddled portions of the well hole from the more solid, impermeable sections above it.
Now, it is odd that at the time of the explosion they were in the concrete curing and final production stage, since it suggests to me that the drill was not turning and the hole had been fully bored by this point. Apparently, something nasty was percolating linearly upward toward the bottom of the drill hole in consequence of the reduced pressure caused by the removal of so much earth directly above it. If that is the case, the pressures involved were well outside normal industry experience as this, as far as we could tell, has never happened before. That nasty percolation was called methane and it was hauling oil behind it.
At this point, I would like to digress and note that the limit of biological activity was passed by about 5,000 feet. This environment is highly unusual, if not a first, in the petroleum industry because no oil well had ever passed this biologic limit. Now, how do we know about this “limit”? In that Russian borehole they found remnants of organic life, basically bacteria remnants, down to a depth of about 7,000 meters until it abruptly ended. I am no expert in this matter, but I suspect this same “limit” has been seen in other boreholes as well. Given the difference of 5,000 feet involved in the BP disaster, I’d say it is a safe bet that this “limit” had in fact been passed. What isn’t well known and discussed in the press is the fact that this oil well was unprecedented. Yes, many wells have dug much further, but not at these vertical depths. BP was in new territory and it was about to kick their a.
And that leads us to the other odd observation, either one of these oddities providing the solution to what caused this disaster; a quick calculation will reveal that at this depth of around 30,000 feet of earth and 5,000 feet of water, the compression pressure on the rock was about 32,000 pounds per square inch. Of course, that’s a ballpark estimate that depends on the kind of rock involved, but its close. What is odd is that the company that constructed the blow out preventer, to be discussed further, Cameron International, built it’s hydraulic cutting ram to overcome only 5,000 pounds per square inch of oil pressure. This matters because with these kinds of depths and unknowns the only known is that whatever oil pressure you DO in fact encounter, it must be less than about 32,000 pounds per square inch. Or, at least, that is what the conventional industry understanding should have told them. Otherwise, the oil you tapped would have already blown its way to the surface naturally. This device was designed to fail.
This is a diagram of the Blow Out Preventer used at the site in question. The diagram incorrectly implies a drilling depth of only around 18,000 feet. The depth drilled was around 30,000 feet.
About 20 hours before bikini atoll show time, indicators on the rig showed a drop in pressure in the well. But, what the press also doesn’t understand is that the industry has been doing this a long time. This drop in pressure wasn’t recognized for what it was because this kind of drop had never occurred before. Yes, drops occur and they are dangerous, but what they imply to a trained operator isn’t nearly as catastrophic as what was actually brewing below. What was happening was this methane “protrusion” was slicing upward and causing the heavy slurry still sitting in the center of this pipe to drop (actually, methane was mixing with it and lowering its density). Now, the slurry, the “mud”, has to be in the center portion while the concrete cures because it is supporting the concrete and keeping it from simply flowing back up the middle of the well hole. But in those final 20 hours the slurry was dropping into a new crack directly below the borehole bottom, or taking on methane from the bottom as it snaked around the bottom plug holding the concrete in place. Eventually, the concrete began pushing the plug back up since the density of the slurry was dropping, and began filling the center section. But it was also degraded with methane infusion as it infiltrated and circulated through the space around the bottom of the well and, in the final moments, acted like a giant shotgun slug as the methane pressure finally punched through the crack it had formed from the depths below, continued punching through the semi-cured, degraded methane-concrete rubber at the bottom well diameter and shot it upward. It thence continued to rip out the “rubber” vertically across a diameter equal to the bottom diameter as it went upward to the surface. So, understanding how all this works is crucial to understanding the nature of what happened at what we might call Macondo Mondo. So, did Halliburton mess up the concrete? Well, sure, but
â€¦ everyone was messing up because they didn’t understand â€“ or willfully ignored – the pressures involved.
So, on what basis do we make our industry anomalous pressure claim? Pictures and physics, pictures and physics. Take a look at this one. This is a picture BP released when a ROV (remotely operated vehicle) was photographing the section of well pipe (that metal cylinder pipe we mentioned) located just at the surface of the seafloor. Our resident industry expert saw this and her jaw hit the floor. This pipe was angle cut, in the exact manner of design of the Blow Out Preventer in use on that well. We should also note that the diameter of such a pipe, by design, increases as you go up, so the concrete slug was formed from the narrower section, leaving concrete behind at the higher levels INSIDE the pipe where it was wider than the lower portion. All this could mean only one thing. The Blow Out Preventer (BOP) functioned normally, and did not suffer any of the myriad of hydraulic failure scenarios everyone keeps talking about. In other words, it sliced the pipe clean. Let us explain.
Notice the indication of annular oil flow as something inside the pipe constrains its flow diameter. The constraining “liner” in the pipe was Halliburton’s concrete, effused in the opposite direction.
The second fail-safe that is understood throughout the industry as a “fail-safe” is called that not because it has so few moving parts (hardly) but because of its latent cutting power. It works by compressing two flat wedges laying on the horizontal together with the well pipe positioned between them. This crushes and cuts the pipe along a horizontal, but jagged line (see next illustration of the shape of the cutter and compare to the end of the pipe in the picture). This will positively, absolutely, stop an oil leak. And, industry experience shows that if you construct it to overcome pressures of, say, 5,000 pounds per square inch, this is far beyond what any oil well will produce and gives generous headroom to call this fail safe. And what was the design limitation on this particular BOP wedge mechanism in the “closed” configuration? We’re not sure. But an alternate explanation for this disaster is that the photo is somehow misleading and does not represent a “ram cut” but that, rather, that the wedges were unable to close because the 5,000 pound per square inch figure also applies to the maximum force this particular hydraulic ram produced. It is quite likely that the oil pressure below greaqtly exceeded that and the ram was unable to close against it. Of course, these BOPs have redundant closure modes, another of which is the annular preventer, usually the topmost sub-preventer seen on BOP assemblies. Comments made by investigators and BP officials indicate that the seals on the annular preventer may have failed. This further indicates pressures north of 5,000 psi. The annular preventer uses a rubber “doughnut” that is squeezed until it closes off the escape path through the well hole. This obviously has limitations in a high temperature oil/gas environment like the one seen at 30,000 feet depth. So, it is no surprise that it probably failed regardless of its rating.
Notce the shape of the wedge at the crimp point
Let us bring this full circle by qualifying our previous statement. In the first failure hypothesis, the BOP functioned normally, until the wedges were hit with 30,000 pounds per square inch of pressurized jet stream which sliced it like a laser and blew it out into the Gulf of Mexico like a Saturn V rocket. In the second failure hypothesis, the wedge rams simply were under-powered and unable to close against the oil/gas pressure inside the pipe. We think the latter more likely, but in the end it doesn’t matter. BP had unwittingly struck the highest pressure vein of methane ever measured or observed. And this is why it is all so “proprietary” and the Coast Guard is aiding and abetting in this seemingly disingenuous claim of BP’s. BP is in fact correct; it is proprietary because now BP knows what it will actually take to drill that deep and after this mushroom cloud went off, nobody, and I mean nobody, is going to want to try their own experiments on this in the future. It was a good day for BP. Whatever the cleanup total cost is, this capital investment in oil production, which is exactly what it will turn out to be, must be protected at all costs so that the money they are laying down for treating the Gulf of Mexico as a Guinea Pig is NOT used by their competitors to learn the same secrets. BP now has a monopoly on the data revealing what pressures to expect at these depths. All the competition knows at this point is that it is somewhere between 5,000 and 30,000 psi, far too wide of a margin to try to “experiment” with this. And THAT is the real newsworthy part of this story. BP has successfully attained a coup de grace in the petroleum industry that will knock their competition to the mat for decades.
The region between the outer casing and the earthen wall of the bore hole is called the “annulus”. The outer casing (or just, “casing”) has a end piece called a shoe at which a hole or valve is present. The casing is inserted after removing the drill string; or, the drill string and bit can be “chased” by the casing, the bottom of the casing being just a few feet above the drill bit and moving downward as the bit progresses. Devices on the outside of the casing are also inserted as each section descends to keep the casing a relatively uniform distance from the bore hole earthen wall to ensure that the concrete that is about to fill the annulus is of uniform thickness. So, concrete is pumped down the casing once the drilling is completed and the bit removed, through the valve at the shoe, and back up the annulus to the top. A plug is pushed down behind this concrete flow, driving it through the annulus, and stops at the shoe. Behind the plug is mud. The drill bit can later drill through the plug, concrete and shoe to continue drilling the bore hole. In the BP oil disaster, the most likely point of initial failure was at or near the shoe area where the concrete in the annulus was insufficient to withstand the pressure against it. This resulted in the BOP blowout.
Now, back to that methane/concrete shotgun slug of the first failure hypothesis. Once it came topside, the third “fail-safe” that was supposed to positively, absolutely, prevent an onboard explosion of methane (by venting it overboard far from the main deck) was absolutely obliterated as the slug punched through the valves, shearing the top of the well pipe into something like a peeled banana and dumped methane all over the main deck. I think it’s safe to say where the spark igniting the mess came from. Concrete on steel is like a match rubbing against a matchbox strip. It was not just a deck explosion, but a blowtorch going skyward.
Was all this a conspiracy? Intentional? This is a troubling question because we certainly feel oddly comfortable with the idea that LucyAnn would run an experiment like this just to get the numbers it needs, then call it an accident. Pretty smooth, actually. And the fact that BP has some of the brightest geologists in the world working for them makes it hard to understand why no one didn’t suspect the real possibility of encountering pressures far outside the operating limits of the state of the art in use in the case of Mocondo Mondo. Now, 5,000 pounds per square inch makes this a mid-scale ram (Both the annular and wedge preventers in common use today are usually rated from 3,000 to 10,000 psi of maximum closure pressure) and the low-balling estimate is consistent with, well, the optimism of greed. In a well of this historic scale, it would only follow with confidence that the 10,000 psi rating would be a mandatory design assumption (we found one company, “Oilman”, that makes an annular preventer rated at 15,000 psi, but this was only at pipe diameters likely too wide to operate at 5,000 feet water depth). And even that would, we think, be risky. These devices are expensive and there would definitely be incentive to keep the cost down and not overbuild the BOP. And if the folks on the rig saw no worries for dropping pressures why were all these execs and scientists flying out to the site in the hours before the explosion, as if they were expecting a show? We don’t know, but it and the gravely low estimate of gas pressure expected at this depth is suspicious. They all passed intro college physics. They knew better.
The BOP pipe cutter at Macondo Mondo
Now, finally, we can get to the point! If these kinds of pressures are present in oil fields at these depths, some 2.6 million barrels a day are being squeezed out through one nine inch line, and no biotic material exists there, then it seems self-evident that oil is not a “fossil” fuel after all. “Shhhhh! STFU, lest you do another Copenhagen on us”, LucyAnn yells to me as I write.
Something deep within the Earth is creating this stuff under enormous pressure. As it percolates and penetrates the Earth upward, it mixes with the biotic matter as it passes the 7,000 meter boundary and LucyAnn keeps on pedaling “scarcity” to run the price up. Of course, in all fairness, drilling for oil at these depths is a technological feat still being perfected, as we can clearly see from Macondo Mondo, but once understood this will be a rich source of energy. The point we wanted to make here was that this dovetails with the AGW issue discussed prior to this discussion. In that section, we noted that LucyAnn is manipulating politically progressive minded individuals by misleading them into believing that human activity is causing non-negligible global climate change. One of the culprits there, of course, is hydrocarbons and the burning thereof. Thus, we can predict that knowledge of abiotic petroleum is yet another little dirty family secret LucyAnn will fight and, like all the others, ultimately lose.